Technological Advances in Spine Surgery Navigation, Robotics, and Augmented Reality

Over the past 3 decades, significant advancements have been made in assistive technology in spine surgery to enhance accuracy, precision, and reliability during instrumentation.

Accurate screw placement is critical to avoid vascular or neurologic complications and to maximize fixation for fusion. These technological advancements include computer-assisted navigation, robotic-guided spine surgery, and augmented reality surgical navigation.

This article provides an overview of the current technologies available.

Tarek Yamout, MD, Lindsay D. Orosz, MS, PA-C, Christopher R. Good, MD, Ehsan Jazini, MD, Brandon Allen, BA, Jeffrey L. Gum, MD. “Technological Advances in Spine Surgery: Navigation, Robotics, and Augmented Reality” Orthop Clin N Am 54 (2023) 237–246